One of the many issues that Harrisburg faced in the late 19th century was its water problems. Harrisburg faced two major floods, which were devastating to the city's infrastructure. The first of these devastating floods was in 1889, the second flood in 1894. These floods caused major problems to the pumping and sewage systems. Almost every year since the first flood the pumping stations and waterworks in the city needed repairs done in order to keep up with the demand for water throughout the city. Older sewer systems in the city were clogging up and repair to them was needed constantly. Visionaries noticed these water issues and saw that something needed to be done.