According to Paul Beers, in City Contended, City Discontented, the Harrisburg Improvement Plan focused on improving several elements of the city: “The Harrisburg Improvement Plan was tripartite: esthetics and parks; street paving and access; and water, sewer and flood control. The latter were the most costly”. The results of the improvement plan were costly but proved to be worthwhile. The river steps along the Susquehanna River, which cost about 400,000 dollars, was considered to be one of the most significant improvements of the improvement plan because they have withstood three floods during 1936, 1972 and 1975 and continue to stand today. Other significant improvements included the reservoir at Reservoir Park and the South Pennsylvania Railroad Bridge, which were started in 1885 by J. Vance Criswell, and were completed at the time of the City Beautiful improvements (Beers).